European cooperation is necessary in order to improve inland waterway transport integration into the multimodal logistic chains. This opinion was shared by around 130 participants from Poland, Germany, Sweden, Lithuania, Finland, Belgium and Czech Republic, who gathered in Warsaw on 21 November to discuss ways to enhance inland navigation in the Baltic Sea Region.
The Warsaw conference also served as the first annual conference of the three-year-long Interreg project EMMA together with the annual capital conference of KEO ‒ Chambers’ Union Elbe/Oder. EMMA enhances freight mobility and logistics by strengthening inland waterway and river-sea transport, as well as promoting new international shipping services.
“Now it is time to deliver results and to contribute to discussions on future European transport policy developments. More than 50 organisations are supporting EMMA to bring the project to success”, said Stefan Breitenbach from Port of Hamburg Marketing, being the Lead Partner of the EMMA project.
The potential of inland navigation is not yet fully utilized regardless of the benefits it carries. Inland navigation is a cost-efficient, safe and environmental-friendly mode of transportation that provokes growth. Some important steps have already been taken in promoting it, for instance the creation of an EU waterway transport action plan NAIADES. Waterways are already integrated in the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T), but appropriate financial framework to support the role of ports in TEN-T is still required from the EU.
“We also have a need of policies supporting combined transport and burdenless regulatory framework for the sector”, reminded Roland Hörner, President of European Federation of Inland Ports.
EU aims to shift 30 % of the long-distance freight traffic from road to rail and inland waterways, as well as to have carbon-free city logistics by 2030. Enhancing inland waterway transport can contribute to improved environmental status and help to reach sustainability objectives.
“Changing patterns is not an easy task, but we want to change them so that inland navigation would have a higher share in transportation”, said Maciej Brzozowski, Head of the Port of Hamburg Marketing Representative Office Poland and Lead Partner of EMMA.
The Port of Hamburg is nowadays the second largest inland port in Germany. Since road and rail infrastructure is overloaded in some parts of the Baltic Sea Region, inland navigation with its huge potential offers a unique chance for expansion.
“Roads do not have enough capacity for rising amounts of hinterland traffic. The use of inland navigation will create capacity, so we are preoccupied with developing it”, confirmed Stefan Kunze, Chairman of the Board at Elbe Allianz.
Speakers and panellists of the conference emphasized that inland water transport has to co-exist with other transport modes.
“Inland waterways have to be upgraded and the inland navigation layer must be seen as combined with seaports, inland ports, railways, motorways and logistic centres”, emphasized the keynote speaker Dimitrios Theologitis, Senior Expert at the European Commission’s DG MOVE.
Theologitis highlighted the importance of DINA, the digital inland navigation area, since digitalisation of logistics will improve information flows and assist in seamless logistic changes and the operation of the waterways. A lot of content is already in an electronic form, such as electronic charts, notices to skippers and vessel databases.
“Instead of having fragmented pieces of information we have to make them work together”, Theologitis stated.
In Warsaw EMMA engaged experts to discuss the transnational cooperation in the region of Oder, the future plans for Elbe, as well as the importance of developing a strong voice for inland navigation in Europe.
“The added value from EMMA is that it brings all the Baltic partners together around the same table. It is important to cooperate and come closer to each other. There is more what we share than what divides us”, encouraged Karin de Schepper, Director of Inland Navigation Europe.